Dr Usman Mustafa
Dr Usman Mustafa
Dr Usman Mustafa
Chief, Tranining and Project Evaluation Division


Ph.D. Economics, University of the Philippines at Los Banos, Philippines (UBLP)/IRRI, 1991.
M.S. Economics, UBLP/IRRI, 1987.
M.Sc. (Hons.) Agric. Economics, UAF, Pakistan, 1979
B.Sc. (Hons.) Agric., UAF, Pakistan, 1976.
MBA (Marketing), Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, 2006.

Area of Expertise

Research, Development, Planning, Policy Research,  Project Planning, Monitoring & Evaluation, Impact Analysis, and Marketing, Management, Co-ordination and Collaboration, Team Building, Institutional Development, Agricultural and Environment Economics, HRM,  Development (Participatory and Rural Development), Formal and Informal Diagnostic Survey i.e. Participated Reflection & Action (PRA).



Pakistan (All provinces), Azad Kashmir, Philippines, Taiwan, Indonesia and Thailand.


June 2005 to continue: Chief, Training and Project Evaluation Division/Director (In-charge), Conflict, Development,  and Resource Centre, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics: Team leader of the division, Planning, designing, conducting and organizing research/training related to socio-economics, project preparation, monitoring &evaluation, Impact analysis, Research on agriculture, marketing and HRD. Faculty Member, Economics, Environment and Management Departments, PIDE. Also, visiting faculty member, Comsats and AIOU. Beside these following additional assignments were also conducted and engaged during the period:

  • Team Leader/Economist “An Analysis of the Economic Cost of Conflict and its Socio Demographic Causes and Implications for Pakistan”. PIDE/British High Commission, Islamabad
  • Advisor, “Building Coalitions for Change to Implement Pro-Poor Environmental Fiscal Reform Project”, IUCN/PIDE.
  • Team leader, “Livelihood of Barani Areas Baseline Survey SLBADP/ADP Project”.
  • Co-ordinating “Gender in Mainstreaming in Planning and Departments Project”, UNDP/P&DD (Training component).
  • Consultant, “AJK Scoping Study 2007”, Organized five workshops at different district  and prepared a report for British Council, Pakistan
  • National Consultant (Dioxin & Furans and Un-intended POPs By Products of Industrial Processes). UNDP, Min. of Environment. Preparation of National Implementation Plan for elimination/phasing out of Dioxin & Furans in accordance with Stockholm Convention giving most optimal action plan with cost estimates.
  • National Competitiveness Consultant, FAO: Working in close collaboration with the National Consultants and with the assistance of the International Consultant, and in close consultation with the Livestock Department, Government of Pakistan played a lead role in drafting a proposal entitle “Increasing Competitiveness in the Livestock Sector in Pakistan” for funding Competitiveness in the Livestock Sector in Pakistan” for funding.

June 2003 to June 2005: Deputy Director (Monitoring), SSD, PARC, Islamabad: Co-ordination, planning, conducting, monitoring and evaluation of socio-economics studies in all the provincial settle-light institutes. Co-PI Agricultural Scientific and Technical Indicator (ASTI) project of International Food Policy research Institute, USA.

June 2002 to May 2003: Post Doctorate Fellow/Consultant, BMZ/GTZ Chili Project, World Vegetable Development Centre (WVDC), Taiwan: Planning, Co-ordinating and collaborating, Team Building, Resource person (Training in the project countries i.e. China, India, Indonesia and Thailand). Analysed the chili industry at various food chain levels in four selected major chili producing countries of Asia i.e. India, Indonesia, China and Thailand. Extensive surveys and discussions of various stake holders involved in the chili food chain were conducted in these countries. The recent trends in the chili sector including, production, consumption, trade, price and percapita avaiability were analysed. Chili production provides economically better option as of other cereal crops as reflected by higher net return, resource use efficiency, engagement of more women, and hire labor as compared to cereal crops.  Expension in chili area and productivity has profound impact on on the overall resource use efficiency in agric. sector and overall development of rural area.

June- July 2001, WWF, Environment Pollution Unit, PLA Consultant: Co-ordination, Participatory Learning and Action (PLA), Team Building and Training. Survey team dynamic. Exhaustive socio-economic diagnostic survey. Comprehensive report preparation and action planning.

June 1997 to May 2001 UNDP, Area Development Project, AJK PAK/96/005, Extension Services Management Academy (ESMA), Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist: Planning & development of M&E systems for Extension Services Management Academy (ESMA), Garhi Dopatta, AJK and its Out-reach area (PRA, community organization, training & development, PM&E, etc.). Capacity building, Feasibility of different development projects, Development of TOR for specialists. Work-plan. Co-ordination and supervision of ESMA Training Need Assessment (TNA), feed back & Impact Studies. Organizing training’s & workshops, PRA. Resource person  (PRA, P&D, Livestock, ZOPP, Social Mobilization, Job description, Team building, etc. training’s). PRA survey in the outreach project area. Reports (Annual, Six Monthly, Quarterly & Monthly Status Reports). Prepared TOR, supervised TNA and Impact Evaluation contractual studies for the institute.

July 2001 to June 2002: In-charge WTO and Gender & Development (GAD) Cell Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC), Islamabad: Planning, designing, organising, co-ordinating and conducting research studies related to WTO and GAD, working on quantification and sensitisation of WTO and gender role in agriculture, women empowerment, etc. Focal person for WTO and GAD from PARC.

April to May 1997, World Bank, Balochistan Natural Resources Management Project (BNRMP), Socio-Economist & Farming Systems Expert: Training Manual, Organizing and resource person in training, Diagnostic Survey. Preparation of different technical reports.

Oct. to December 1996, UNDP Watershed Management and Planning Project, Forest Department: National Consultant, Economist (Cost Benefit Analyst - Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist): Development of a Participatory Watershed Monitoring and Evaluation System, Economics of small dams & tree plantations, etc. Capacity building and training.

July 94 to June 1996, World Bank (ARP-II Project), Agricultural Research Planning, Government of Balochistan: Counterpart of International Consultant/Project In-charge, Agricultural Economics Research Unit, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC), Quetta: Research Master Plan. Federal and provincial research liaison.  Preparation of training material (Manual on PRA). Capacity building. Organizing and conducting training and workshops. Reports on socio-economics aspects of different agro-ecological zones. Co-ordination of Federal sponsored agricultural project. Participatory Agriculture Real Life (PARL) Model. Planning, designing and conducting research studies related to Socio-Economics, agricultural and rural development of Balochistan. Participatory agricultural crops trails. Participatory diagnostic surveys. PEP Impact Study, Liaisons, Adm. & Financial Management.

November 1991 to May 1993, International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA): Dry Land Natural Resource Management Project (DRMP): Project In-charge (Pakistan)/ Team Leader, Agricultural Economics and Farming Systems Section, Arid Zone Research Centre (AZRC), PARC, Quetta: Collaborating research (ICARDA-AZRC). Designing, preparation, implementation and presentation of a project entitled Catchments Basin Water Harvesting Project of Highlands of Balochistan. Preparation of different technical reports. Planning, Designing, and conducting research studies, programmes related to the socio-economics and Rural Development of arid areas of Pakistan. M&E. Liaisons, Adm. & Financial Management

1985-1991 (Nov. 85 to May 91) International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines, Research Fellow: Worked on a General equilibrium model to measure the effects of farm mechanisation on wheat and rice production in Pakistan and Economic impact of land degradation (salt affected and water logged soils) on rice production in Pakistan's Punjab.


A. Book and Chapter in a Book:

1. Mustafa U, Mirajul  Haq, and I. Ahmad. 2009. “Consumer Perceptions, Practices, Willingness to Pay and Analysis of Existing Laws for Safe Drinking Water of Abbottabad District, Pakistan”. In “Critical Issues in Environmental Taxation”, Vol VII. Chapter VI. Water, Land, and Pollution Management. Edited by Lin Heng Lye, Janet E Milne, Hope Ashiabor, Larry Kreiser, and Kurt Deketelaere. Oxford Uni. Press, London. PP 395-412.
2. Mustafa U, I. Ahmad, and Mirajul Haq. 2009. “Environmental Fiscal Reform in Abbottabad: Solid Waste Management”. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Pakistan. iv+20 pp.
3. Mustafa U, Mirajul  Haq, and I. Ahmad. 2009. “Environmental Fiscal Reform in Abbottabad: Drinking Water”. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Pakistan. ii+22 pp.
4. Mustafa U, Mirajul  Haq, and I. Ahmad. 2009. “Globalizations and its Impacts on Agriculture, Food Security and Social Welfare in Pakistan”. In “Sustainability of Asian Economic Development”. Edited by Gill U. S., Lakhwinder Singh and Reena Marwah. Taylor and Francis Group, 912 Tolstoy House, 15-17 Tolstoy Marg, New Delhi 110 001, India.
5. Mustafa U, Mirajul  Haq, and I. Ahmad. 2009. “Pro Poor Environmental Fiscal Reforms in Solid Waste Management Sector”. In “Peace and Sustainable Development in South Asia: Issues and Challenges of Globalization”. Sustainable Development Policy Research Institute (SDPI).
6. Mustafa U.2009. “Global Governance Dealing with the Non-traditional Security Threats”. In “Non-Traditional Security Threats to Pakistan”. Edited by Ahmad Rashid Malik. Islamabad Policy Research Institute (IPRI) and Honns Seidel Foundation (HSF), Islamabad.
7. Mustafa U. 2007. Solving the Urban Sprawl: A Case Study of Kot Lakhpat, Lahore in a book “CITIES_Engine of Growth. Edited by NadeemUl Haque and Durr-e-Nayab. Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.
8. N. M. Beintema, W. Malik, M. Sharif, and U. Mustafa (2007). “Agricultural Science & Technology Indicators (ASTI) Country Brief No. PAKISTAN”. IFPRI, USA
9. Mustafa U., M. Ali, and Ir. Heny Kuswanti. 2006. Chapter on Indonesia. In “Food Chain Analysis: Setting Research Priorities in Asia” edited by M. Ali. AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center. GTZ. P.O. Box 42, Shanhua, Tainan, Taiwan 74199, ROC. pp 145-196. http://www.avrdc.org/pdf/TB38/TB38_FactSheets.pdf
10. Mustafa  U., M. Ali, T. Satapornvorasak, and O. Dissataporn. 2006. Chapter on Thailand. In “Food Chain Analysis: Setting Research Priorities in Asia” edited by M. Ali. AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center. GTZ. P.O. Box 42, Shanhua, Tainan, Taiwan 74199, ROC. pp 197-245 http://www.avrdc.org/pdf/TB38/TB38_FactSheets.pdf
11. Mustafa U. 2005. “Major Lessons Learned For Enhancing The Competitive Edge of SMEs in International Marketing of Fruit And Vegetable". In “International Marketing of Fruit and Vegetable”. Edited B. Ahmad, Asian Productivity Organization, Japan. pp 35-40. http://www.apo-tokyo.org/projreps_acd/12_04-AG-GE-SEM-15.htm
12. Mustafa, U. 1998. “Manual on Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation of Development Projects, UNDP Area Development Project (PAK/96/005) Extension Services Management Academy, AJK.
13. Veen M. V. D. and U. Mustafa. 1995. Training Material for ARP-II "Participatory Diagnostic Survey Training Course and Planning Workshop". ARP-II, BARB,GOB, The World Bank.
14. Mufti, A. S. I. Ahmad; M. Afzal and U. Mustafa. 1986. "Accidents through Farm Machines and Implements". FMI, PARC, Islamabad.

B. International Journals/Periodic:

1. Mustafa U. and A. Qudus. 2008. “Globalization Driven Policies in Agriculture: An Impact Analysis”. Lahore Journal of Policy Studies. Vo.2 No.1. September 2008. pp 83-100.
2. Rashid, G. M. Arif, and U. Mustafa. 2008. “Does the Labour Market Structure Explain Differences in Poverty in Rural Punjab?” Lahore Journal of Economics. Special Edition: September 2008. Pp 139-162.
3. U. Mustafa. 2007. “Environmental Fiscal Reforms and Decentralization for Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication”. The Pakistan Development Review (PDR). 46:4. PP 1087-1103.
4. Mirajul Haq, U. Mustafa, and I. Ahmad. 2007. “Consumer Perceptions, Practices, and Willingness to Pay for Safe Drinking Water: A Scenario Analysis of Urban and Rural Abbottabad”. The Pakistan Development Review (PDR) 46:4. PP 1137-1153.
5. U. Mustafa, K. Abbas, and A. Saeed. 2005. Enhancing Vocational Training for Economic Growth in Pakistan. The Pakistan Development Review (PDR) , V. 44 # 4. pp 567-584.
6. Sharif, M., U. Mustafa, W. Malik and M. Iqbal. 2002. “Land Distribution and Renewal of Sustainable Economic Activities for Rural Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan”.  International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 1560-8530/2002/04-3-413-419.
7. Mustafa, U., W. Malik and M. Sharif. 2001. “Globalization and Its Implications on Agricultural, Food Security and Poverty in Pakistan”. The Pakistan Development Review (PDR), V.40 # 4. pp 767-786.
8. Mustafa, U. and M. A. Mir. 1999. “Sustaining Economic Development by Reforming Basic Institutions through Community participation”. The Pakistan Development Review (PDR), V.38 # 4. pp 1233-1246.
9. Rodriguez A, N. A. Shah, M. Afzal, U. Mustafa and I. Ali. 1996. “Is Water-harvesting in Valley Floors a Viable Option for Increasing Cereal Production in Highland Balochistan, Pakistan? Experimenta; Agriculture, Elsevier Scuence B.V. Vol 32. pp 305-315.
10. Mustafa, U., P. L. Pingali and J. C Flin. 1995. "Intensification Induced Degradation of Irrigated Infrastructure: The Case of Waterlogging and Salinity in Pakistan in Pakistan". The Pakistan Development Review, Vol. 33, No. 4. pp 733-750.
11. Rodriguez, A., I. Ali, M. Afzal, N. A. Shah, and U. Mustafa. 1995. Price Expectation of Sheep and Goats by Producers and Intermediaries in Quetta Market, Pakistan. Agricultural Economics. Elsevier Scuence B.V. 12 . pp 79-90.
12. Mustafa, U., C. F. Habito, and B. J. Duff. 1993. "Macro-level Income and Employment Effects of Rice Farm Mechanizatio". Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (Japan) Vol. 24. No. 1.  pp 45-50.
13. Mustafa, U. 1993. "Simulation Model for Distributions of Crop Yields Based on Farmer Perception - A case Study from Highland Balochistan, Pakistan". The Pakistan Development Review, Vol. 32, No. 4,Winter, pp 799-806.
14. Mustafa, U. 1992. "Consumption Linkages of Mechanical Wheat Production in Pakistan". The Pakistan Development Review, Vol. 31, No. 4,  pp 929-936.
15. Mustafa, U. 1988. "Impact of Farm Mechanization on Crop Production in Pakistan". Regional Net Work for Agricultural Machinery Newsletter, Manilla, Philippines. No. 32, ISS No. 115-5296. pp 6-7.
16. Afzal, M., U. Mustafa and M. T. Ahmad . 1983. "Status of Selected Tillage Implements at the Progressive Farms in Pakistan". Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (Japan) XIV, (2). pp 62-64 (Spring).

C. National Journals/Periodic:

1. Mustafa U.; K. Mahmood; I. Ali.; N. A. Shah and M. Afzal. 1995. "Marketing of Small Ruminants in Highland Balochistan". Progressive Farming, Vol. 15. No. 2. March/April. pp 58-61.
2. Mustafa U. and Z. A. Qureshi. 1995. "Economics of Catchments Basin Water Harvesting". Progressive Farming, Vol. 15. No. 2. March/April. pp 67-71.
3. Mustafa, U and P. L. Pingali. 1992. “Economic Impact of Land Degradation (Waterlogged and salt-affected Soils) on Irrigated Rice in Sub Tropical Region”. Pakistan Agricultural Development Review. Vol.3.  No. 1. Summer.
4. Afzal, M. and U. Mustafa. 1984. "Poor Cultivation Practices in Pakistan, Implements Status View". Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 2. pp 85-95.
5. Chaudhary, M. Aslam; U. Mustafa and Faquir Mohammad. 1982. "Over Time Structural Changes in Agriculture in the Province of Punjab. Journal of Agric. Research Vol. 20, No. 3. pp 149-157.

D. International Proceedings/Conferences/Workshops:

1. Mustafa U., Mirajul Haq, and I. Ahmad. 2008. “Globalizations and its Impacts on Agriculture, Food Security and Social/Welfare in Pakistan”. Paper presented at the  International Conference on Sustainable Development: Challenges for Asian Societies. Hosted by: Punjabi University, Patiala (India) in collaboration with Association of Asia Scholars (AAS), New Delhi (India) November 14-16, 2008.
2. Mustafa U., Mirajul Haq, and I. Ahmad. 2008. “World Trade Organization (Post Doha) and Regional Trade Agreements: Opportunities and Perils for Pakistan’s Agriculture”. Paper presented at the National Conference on WTO Opportunities and threat for Pakistan Agriculture, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, May 28-29, 2008.
3. Mustafa U; W. Malik; M. Sharif; and M. Akhter. Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) Inititative in Pakistan – Federal Public sector (Preliminary Findings). Proceeding of International Seminar on ASTI – Investment in Agricultural Research organized by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC), November 2005.
4. Mustafa, U; Zia S and Mirza S. N. 1996. "Socio-Economics Determinants of Biodiversity Losses: Evidence from Highland Balochistan, Pakistan". Proceedings of the International Workshop on Agricultural Sustainability in Mountain and Cold Areas. The Workshop was organized by ICIMOD/PARC at Quetta from Sep. 25-27, 1995.
5. Mustafa, U and K. N. Babar. 1991. "Stochastic Analysis of Cereal Crops Grown Under Water Harvesting Techniques in Highland Balochistan". Paper presented at Dryland Resource Management Project Workshop, Amman, Jordan 10-14 November, 1991. Organized by International Center for Agricultural Research in Dryland Area (ICARDA).
6. Mustafa, U; M. Zahid Qureshi; M. Afzal; N. A. Shah and A, Belly; A. Rodriguez; A. Samiullah; M. Islam and K.N. Babar. 1993. "Use of Water-harvesting to Enhance Crop Production in Arid and Semi-arid Areas of Highland Balochistan, Pakistan". Paper Presented at the Final Workshop of Dryland Resource Management Project at International Centre for Agriculture Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria, May 23-27, 1993.
7. Mustafa U., K. N. Qaisrani and A. S. Alvi. 1994. Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) - An Effective Way to Determine Farmers Constraints - Evidence from Highland Balochistan. Paper presented at SAARC Workshop on Identification of Socio-Economics Constraints of Agricultural Production held on May 29-31, 1994 at NARC, Islamabad.

E. National Proceedings/Conferences/Workshops:

1. Mustafa U, W. Malik, M. Sharif, and M. Akhtar. (2004). “The Agricultural Science & Technology Indicators (ASTI) Initiative in Pakistan - Federal Public Sectors. Preliminary Findings”.  Proceeding of the International Seminar on “Agricultural Science & Technology Indicators (ASTI)” Investment in Agricultural Research. PARC/IFPRI.
2. Mustafa, U. 2001. “Deregulation of Agricultural Prices and its Implications on Rural Communities and Food Security in Pakistan”. Paper presented at the National Seminar on “Deregulation of Agricultural Prices” held on 20th October 2001 at University of Agricultural, Faisalabad.
3. Mustafa, U. 2000. “Strengthening Grassroots Institutions for Poverty Alleviation in AJK.  Proceeding of the 32nd All Pakistan Science Conference June 12-15, 2000. Pakistan Association for the Advancement of Science. Pp18- 27.
4. Mustafa, U., M. Iqbal. 1996. "Inter Provincial Trade of Fruits in Balochistan".  Proceedings of the National Work Shop on Agricultural Marketing, held at Quetta from 27-29 august, 1996. Organized by Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nations, Government of Balochistan and Pakistan Agricultural Research Council.
5. Mustafa U., N. A. Shah, N. Hameed and M. J. Chaudhry. 1996. "Post Harvest Handling and Marketing of Apple in Balochistan". Proceedings of the National Conference on Post-harvest Technology of Horticultural Commodities at Quetta from 10-12 September, 1996. Organized by Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nations and Government of Balochistan. pp 130-138.
6. N. Hameed, U. Mustafa, N. A. Shah and M. J. Chaudhry. 1996. "Marketing of Onion in Balochistan". Proceedings of the National Conference on Post-harvest Technology of Horticultural Commodities at Quetta from 10-12 September 1996. Organized by Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nations and Government of Balochistan. pp120-129. Afzal, M. and U. Mustafa. 1983. "Demand of Reaper in Pakistan". Proceedings of 4th Biannual Convention of Pakistan Society of Agricultural Engineers (PSAE), Peshawar.
7. Mustafa, U; M. Afzal; and A. Saeed. 1984. "Popularity of Tractors in Pakistan". Proceeding of 5th Annual Convention of PSAE, Lahore, May 24-25.

F. Thesis/Dissertations:

1. Mustafa, U. 1991. “Economic Impact of Land Degradation (Salt Affected and Waterlogged Soils) on Rice Production in Pakistan’s Punjab”. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of the Philippines at Los Banos. Phillipines.
2. Mustafa, U. 1987. “A General equilibrium Analysis of the Effects of Farm Mechanization on Wheat and Rice Production in Pakistan”. M.S. Dissertation. University of the Philippines at Los Banos. Phillipines.
3. Mustafa, U. 1979. Over Time Structure Changes in Agric. in the Province of Punjab. Unpublished M.Sc. (Hons.) Thesis. Department of Agricultural Economics. University of Agricultural, Faisalabad.

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