Rural Pakistan: Entrepreneurship, Migration, Land and Political Economy

1. The Emergence and Transformation of Batkhela (Malakand) Bazaar: Ethnic Entrepreneurship Social Networks, and Change in Dis-advantageous Societies
by Muhammad Ayub Jan
University of Peshawar
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2. The Effects of Political Competition on Rural Land: Evidence from Pakistan
by Katrina Kosec, Hamza Haider, David J. Spielman and Fatima Zaidi
IFPRI, Michigan State University, IFPRI and IFPRI
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3.

Out-migration in Rural Pakistan: Does Household Poverty Status Matter?
by Rizwan ul Haq, Ajmal Jahangeer and Azkar Ahmad
UNDP, Pakistan and PIDE, Islamabad
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Inclusive Growth in Pakistan: Measurement and Constraints

4. Growth in Pakistan: Inclusive or Not?
Zunia Saif Tirmazee and Maryiam Haroon
Lahore School of Economics, Lahore
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5. Key Bottlenecks to Inclusive Growth in Pakistan: An Extended Three-Gap Analysis
Fahd Ali and Adnan Haider
Habib University, and IBA, Karachi
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6. Poverty, Income Inequality and Inclusive Growth in Pakistan
Mohammad Aslam Chaudhary and Sadaf Razaq
University of Lahore
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On the Role of Microfinance

7. Measuring the Performance and Achievement of Microfinance Institutions Incorporating Subsidy Dependence Index and Outreach Index in Pakistan’s Case
Hina Almas and Mubashir Mukhtar
International Islamic University (IIU) and Institute of Business Administration (IBA), Karachi
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8. Microfinance Institutions and Poverty Reduction: A Cross Region Analysis
Attiya Yasmin and Afsheen Abrar
PIDE, Islamabad and  National University of Modern Languages (NUML), Islamabad
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9. Social and Financial Efficiency of Microfinance Institutions in Pakistan
Zahoor Khan and Jamalludin Sulaiman
Kardan University, Kabul, Afghanistan and School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
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Disparities, Polarization and Development

10. Causality Linkages among Energy, Poverty, Income Polarization, Income Poverty and Growth: A System Dynamic Modelling Approach
Ghulam Murtaza and Muhammad Zahir Faridi
PIDE, Islamabad, and Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
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11. Determinants of Human Development Disparities: A Cross District Analysis of Punjab, Pakistan
Muhammad Qasim and A.R. Chaudhary
NCBA&E Lahore
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12. Trends in Income Inequality and Polarization in Pakistan for the Period of 1990-2008
M. Touseef-Ur-Rehman, Usman Mustafa and Hamayun Rashid
NESCOM, Islamabad, PIDE, Islamabad and Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU), Islamabad
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Service Provision and Development

13. The Political Economy of Decentralization and Access to Pro-Poor Social Services Delivery in Pakistan
Manzoor Ahmed
Lasbela University, Balochistan
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14. Micro Hydro Power: A source of Sustainable Energy in Rural Communities: Economic and Environmental Perspectives
Muhammad Umar and Anwar Hussain
PIDE, Islamabad
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15. Households’ Willingness to Pay for Improved Tap Water Services in Karachi, Pakistan
Sidrat Asim and Heman D. Lohano
Data Geek, Karachi and IBA, Karachi
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Dimensions and Consequences of Socio-economic Inequalities

1. Crossing Boundaries: How Social Hierarchy Impedes Economic Mobility
Hanan G. Jacoby and Ghazala Mansuri
World Bank, Washington D.C.
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2. Human Capital and Economic Growth: The Role of Governance
Ali Muhammad, Abiodun Egbetokun, Manzoor Hussain Memon
Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the Max Planck Institute of Economics, and Social Policy and Development Centre (SPDC), Karachi
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3. Gender Inequality in Labour Force Participation: An Empirical Investi-gation
Muhammad Sabir
Social Policy and Development Centre (SPDC), Karachi
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Financial Inclusion, Industrial Efficiency and Development

4. The Development of India’s Financial Inclusion Agenda: Some Lessons for Pakistan
Muneeb Hussain Gattoo and S. M. Jawed Akhtar
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India
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5. Inequality and the Financial System—The Case of Germany
Daniel Detzer
Berlin School of Economics and Law, Berlin, Germany
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6. Nexus among PSDP Expenditures, Trade in Services and Economic Development: A Case of Pakistan
Ahmad Gulzar and Ejaz Ghani
PIDE, Islamabad
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7. Cluster Based Industrial Develop-ment: KAIZEN Management for MSC Growth
Tetsushi Sonobe
National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), Tokyo, Japan
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Poverty: Non-Conventional Approaches

8. Marginality as a Root Cause of Poverty: A Case of Punjab
Kanwal Zahra and Tasneem Zafar
Government College University, Lahore and University of Central Punjab, Lahore
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9. Food Consumption Patterns and Implications for Poverty Reduction in Pakistan
Sohail Jehangir Malik, Hina Nazli and Edward Whitney
Innovative Development Strategies (IDS), Islamabad, Pakistan Strategy Support Program (PSSP), Islamabad and IFPRI, Washington, D.C.
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10. Can We Solve the Issue of Poverty without Solving the Issue of Conventional Economic Paradigm: A Critical Review
Anwar Shah and Karim Khan
Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad and PIDE, Islamabad
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11. Measuring Multidimensional Poverty and Inequality in Pakistan
Maqbool H. Sial, Asma Noreen and Rehmat Ullah Awan
University of Sargodha
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Poverty, Deprivation and Constraints to Entrepreneurship

12. Money or Ideas? A Field Experiment on Constraints to Entrepreneurship in Rural Pakistan
Xavier Giné and Ghazala Mansuri
The World Bank, Washington, D.C.
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13. Determinants of Household Poverty: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan
M. Tariq Majeed and M. Nauman Malik
Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad and Federal Bureau of Statistics (FBS), Islamabad
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14. Determinants of Urban Poverty: The Case of Medium Sized City in Pakistan
Nasir Iqbal and Masood Sarwar Awan
PIDE, Islamabad and University of Sargodha
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15. Living Standards Deprivation in Punjab Using AF Method (Periodical Comparison Approach)
Muhammad Afzal, Shamim Rafique and Farhan Hameed
Lahore College for Women University, Bureau of Statistics, Planning and Development Department, Punjab
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Distribution and Impacts of Socio-economic Inequality

16. Educational Inequality in Rural and Urban Sindh
Noman Saeed and Ambreen Fatima
Applied Economics Research Centre (AERC), University of Karachi
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17. The Composite Impact of Institutional Quality and Inequality on Economic Growth
Neelum Nigar
PIDE, Islamabad
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18. Spatial Distribution of Socio-economic Inequality: Evidence from Inequality Maps of a Village in Tribal Region of Pakistan
Ejaz Gul and Imran Sharif Chaudhry
Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
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19. Farmers’ Perceptions of Agricultural Land Values in Rural Pakistan
Shehryar Rashid and Asjad Tariq Sheikh
Pakistan Strategy Support Program (PSSP), IFPRI, Islamabad and Innovative Development Strategies (IDS), Islamabad
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Community Based Development

1. Targeting Performance of Community-Based Development (CBD) Interventions: An Econometric Analysis of a Women-Focused and Women-Managed Non-Governmental  Organization (NGO) in Rural Pakistan
Hidayat Ullah Khan and Takashi Kurosaki
Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat and Hitotsubashi University, Kunitachi, Tokyo, Japan
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2. Community-Based Development and Aggregate Shocks in Developing Countries:  The Experience of an NGO in Pakistan
Takashi Kurosaki and Hidayat Ullah Khan
Hitotsubashi University, Naka, Kunitachi, Tokyo, Japan and Kohat University of Science & Technology, Kohat
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3. Do Communities Respond to Economic Incentives for Protecting Environment? Findings from REDD+Experiences in Nepal
Bishnu P. Sharma, Bhaskar Karki, Subhrendu Pattanayak, Priya Shyamsundar, and Mani Nepal
South Asian Network for Development and Environment Economics (SANDEE), Tribhuvan University, Nepal,  International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Duke University, North Carolina, USA and SANDEE, Nepal.
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Public Policy: Implications for Redistribution

4. Fiscal Policy and its Role in Reducing Income Inequality: A CGE Analysis for Pakistan
Arshad Ali Bhatti, Hasnain Abbas Naqvi and Zakia Batool
International Islamic University, Islamabad, COMSATS, Islamabad and National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad
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5. Income Inequality and Redistribution of Income in the Era of Globalization
Adeel Ali, Faizan Iftikhar, Ambreen Fatima and Lubna Naz
Applied Economics Research Centre (AERC), University of Karachi
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6. Is Defense Expenditure Pro Poor or Anti Poor in Pakistan? An Empirical Investigation
Fiaz Hussain, Shahzad Hussain and Naila Erum
Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi and National Defense University, Islamabad
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Poverty Reduction and Development

7. Synergy or Trade-Off between Agricultural Growth and Nutrition: Women’s Work and Care
Mysbah Balagamwala, Haris Gazdar and Hussain Bux Mallah
Collective for Social Science Research, Karachi
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8. Quantifying Vulnerability to Poverty in a Developing Economy
Rashida Haq
PIDE, Islamabad
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9 Simulating the Impact of Income Distribution on Poverty Reduction
Syed Kalim Hyder, Qazi Masood Ahmed and Haroon Jamal
University of Leicester, UK, Centre for Business and Economics Research, Karachi and Social Policy Development Centre (SPDC), Islamabad
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Environment, Local Livelihoods and Climate Change Adaptation

10. Socio-economic Status of Transferred and Non Transferred Urban Slums: A Case Study from Faisalabad
Riaz Ahmed, Usman Mustafa and Atta Ullah Khan
Preston University, Islamabad, PIDE, Islamabad and Preston University, Islamabad
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11. Impact of Nature-Based Tourism on Local Livelihoods: Evidence from Keenjhar Lake in Pakistan
Tehmina Mangan and Heman D. Lohano
Sindh Agriculture University, Tando Jam, Pakistan and SANDEE, Kathmandu, Nepal and IBA, Karachi
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12. The Determinants, Impact and Cost Effectiveness of Climate Change Adaptation in the Indus Ecoregion: Micro Econometric Study
Ali Dehlavi, Ben Groom and
Ashley Gorst
World Wide Fund (WWF), London School of Economics (LSE) and World Wide Fund (WWF)
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Islamic Welfare Institutions: Potential and Prospects

13. Contribution of Islamic Waqf in Poverty Reduction
Muhammad Tariq Khan
University of Haripur, Pakistan
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14. Inclusive Growth with Zakat
Muhammad Mazhar Iqbal
Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad
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15. Welfare Potential of Zakat: An Attempt to Estimate Economy wide Zakat Collection
Salman Ahmed Shaikh
PIDE, Islamabad
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